Health & Hospitals in Italy. 15th Annual Report 2017
pp. 240, 1a edizione 2018 (Codice editore 10035.5)
The performance of the Italian hospital system, which is quite a substantial organization: 1,100 healthcare institutes, 200,000 patient beds, 8.9 million hospitalizations, more than 630,000 workers and a total expenditure of EUR 62.3 billion, equivalent to 55.3% of total public health spending. Thus it is an extremely complex "machine", on the one hand, and an equally complex world of users receiving the various services, on the other.
Presentazione del volume
Again this year the 2017 Health & Hospitals Report gives an account of the performance of the Italian hospital system, which is quite a substantial organization: 1,100 healthcare institutes, 200,000 patient beds, 8.9 million hospitalizations, more than 630,000 workers and a total expenditure of EUR 62.3 billion, equivalent to 55.3% of total public health spending.
Thus it is an extremely complex "machine", on the one hand, and an equally complex world of users receiving the various services, on the other. For these reasons the Report takes both components into consideration.
Firstly, this year users and caregivers were assessed as they endeavor to deal with all of the continually increasing weaknesses inherent to public services and to implement reaction strategies to offset them. These include seeking out alternatives in accredited (and non-accredited) private facilities, making use of hospitals outside the home Region, improper use of the Emergency Room for hospitalization, and out-of-pocket spending by families. The individual types of these out-of-pocket expenses (whether for healthcare or assistance) have been identified, along with the reasons that have driven the families to invest their own resources. Parallel to this, the financial statements of the Hospital Centers have been analyzed, identifying some "anomalies" that might hide improper methods of covering budgets: this certainly does not point in the direction of transparent and comparable reporting - as provided for by current legislation - that helps to better manage (limited) public resources to provide better service to users.
Italy needs to defend the universal and inclusive principle upon which the National Health System is based in a concrete manner, but precisely for this reason it is absolutely necessary to make the most appropriate use of the financial resources available to better balance the needs of patients, on the one hand, and the efficiency/effectiveness of facilities and services, on the other.
Ermeneia - Studi & Strategie di Sistema is a company that specializes in providing analytical and consulting activities to trade associations and public and private clients, including those operating in the healthcare service sector, who are actively redesigning their presence and operational methods to remain in step with progressive changes in Italy.
AIOP - Associazione Italiana Ospedalità Privata (Italian Association of Private Hospitals) is a trade association that represents private healthcare facilities and hospitals, accredited or otherwise, throughout every region of Italy, which employ nearly 70,000, accounting for 11% of the operators of the entire system, who provide hospital services to 15% of patients.
Gabriele Pelissero, The future of healthcare in Italy
Part One. The formation of a reaction strategy by users to cope with the decline in services
(The enduring capacity, in spite of everything, of a system to be preserved; Intrinsic strength, even with limited resources; Confirmation of average quality, as attested to by performance indicators; Confirmation of average quality, as perceived by users and citizens; The permanent under-funding of healthcare expenditure)
The increase and breakdown of out-of-pocket spending by families
(The race to compensate for the decline in public healthcare services; The composition and reasons for out-of-pocket spending according to statements by caregivers)
The (increasing) search for alternatives to cope with the weaknesses of the public system
(The perceived deterioration; The formation of a framework of reaction strategies; The parallel need for a good public prevention strategy)
The difficulty of attaining reporting that is useful for the reorganization of the system
(The possible "anomalies" that signal the risk of implicit balance sheet coverage; Transparency and certifiability of financial statements is still too slow)
Part Two. Statistical indicators
(Number of public and accredited private medical institutions; Bed distribution; Medical equipment)
(In-hospital days and patient bed occupancy rate; Types of admissions and discharges; Prevalent DRGs; Activities classified according to major diagnostic categories; Activities classified according to specialty; Patient mobility)
(Staff fluctuation over the years; Staff distribution throughout Italy)
(Economic flow trends over the years; Health expenditure comparisons)
The complete list of contents of the 2017 Report.
Tutti i campi devono essere compilati.