La ricerca ha estratto dal catalogo 30 titoli
Percorsi e presenze di una storia di genere
Imagined sectarianisms. Public order, political struggle, national Unification The last work by Francesco Benigno, La mala setta. Alle origini di mafia e camorra 1859- 1878, investigates the origin of the discourses on criminal organizations during the first fifteen years after the unification of Italy. Mainly rooted in the literary imaginary of the «criminal classes», the stereotypes of the criminal sects emerged in the first years after Italian unification in Naples, where the existence of the «camorra» was interpreted as a long lasting inheritance of the Bourbon regime, requiring unbending repression by the liberal state. With the emergence of the term «mafia» in the following years, police functionaries suggested the existence of a criminal organization where crime converged with a political threat. The threatening image of the sect was, according to Benigno, functional to the evocation of the dangers of political as opposed to social subversion during an age of profound conflict between the moderate and democratic parties. His reconstruction of the images proceeds, however, in a progression split from social factors. Thanks to the use of a rich series of sources, the author manages to reconstruct the image of the system of the political police throughout the entire nation; in doing this, he attributes to literary representation a servile function in respect to politics, denying it an autonomous role.
Sexual discourses, norms and practices in nineteenth-century Italy The book looks at sexual discourses, models, practices and experiences (in the plural) in nineteenth-century Italy, paying specific attention to the public-political sphere, and pointing out how sexual behaviours and real-life experiences of sexuality were talked about. The aim is to shed light on the role played by the Nation-State and its laws, by science and its strict hygienic-physiological paradigms, in norming the (allegedly overwhelming) sexual chaos and disorder of the country and in putting forward a desexualised, male-centred conception of family.
Unemployment in Italy: A social and political history As part of labour history and economic history, unemployment is now a fully-fledged subject of research. Manfredi Alberti’s Senza lavoro. La disoccupazione in Italia dall’Unità a oggi is devoted to the history of unemployment in Italy from 1861 to today. The book moves from a historical-economic and historical-statistical approach, but it also pays attention to social and cultural history, as well as to the legislative responses by the government and the role of the workers’ movement. Based on the Italian case, Alberti’s work highlights that the concept of unemployment is an integral element to capitalism and the existence of a link between its increase and the adoption of laissez-faire policies.
Starting with the 1990s the long-term paralysis that for decades had crippled the Italian school system has been broken by a series of repeated attempts of reform, poorly received by most of those who live and work in the school system. These attempts have all been characterized by a neoliberal approach, centred on different versions of the so-called «school autonomy» - initially perceived as an opportunity for more freedom as against the slow, intrusive and ubiquitous presence of State bureaucracy. This article looks at the different stages in this 25-year-long process, characterized by increasing budget cuts, large and vibrant protest movements, the economic crisis, and the political and cultural hegemony of the right-wing parties, advocating for a more hierarchical restructuring of schools, teaching and students as well as an entrepreneurial, privatistic and vocational view of education.
While in the Anglo- American world women’s and gender history led to a real "refoundation" of the historiographical "common sense", in France and in Italy there has been widespread resistance to this new area of study. History journals are a testimony to this: they struggle to deal with the issues posed by women’s and gender history. At the same time, in both France and Italy there are two journals specifically devoted to the latter, «Clio» and «Genesis»; their experiences are here compared with those of a "generalist" journal such as «Passato e presente».
Studi e testimonianze
Gli scritti qui riuniti mettono a fuoco i principali temi trattati dall’intellettuale varesino Luigi Ambrosoli (1919-2002) nel corso della sua lunga attività e ne evidenziano il ruolo svolto nella vita culturale e politica italiana del suo tempo.
Alcuni tra i più noti storici italiani provano a delineare i lineamenti della società italiana: una società al tempo stesso una e molteplice, che ha difficoltà a riconoscersi in uno Stato a “centralità debole” incapace sia di guidarla sia di conquistarla alle proprie ragioni.