The scarce interest in literature shown by part of the scholars who deal with counter-revolution is surprising. And yet novels, short stories, poems, songs and numerous others literary genres are rich in references, commentaries, thoughts and scenarios linked to that phenomenon. Much in the same way, writers that are somehow linked to it abound. Literature must attract the interest of historians not as a source or as a purely decorative element, but as an integral part of their historical work. In this work, dealing with literature and counter-revolution in southern Europe, this meant contributing to rethinking the history of counterrevolutionary movements in a more complex and problematic way.