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Le determinanti del pensiero positivo e della depressione nei giovani adulti: il contributo delle convinzioni di autoefficacia emotiva e interpersonale
Author/s: Carlo Tramontano, Guido Alessandri, Gian Vittorio Caprara 
Year:  2007 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  17 Pg. 85-101 FullText PDF:  451 KB

This study examines the theoretical model proposed by Caprara (2002), that attests to the role of emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs in the promotion of individual psychosocial functioning. In particular, we investigated the relations between a typical index of maladjustment, depression, a new indicator of well-being, positive thinking, and emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs. We tested the model longitudinally on a sample of 537 young adults (232 males and 305 females), with a mean age of 19,65 years (DS = 1,5) at Time 1 and 21,67 years (DS = 1,6) at Time 2. Results confirmed the role of emotional self-efficacy beliefs as determinants of positive thinking and as protective factor from depression, both directly and indirectly, through the contribution of interpersonal selfefficacy beliefs; some relevant gender differences were also found. The longitudinal relations between depression and positive thinking were different for males and females: for females, positive thinking tends to reduce the incidence of later depression, while for males depression enhances the risk to compromise positive thinking.

Carlo Tramontano, Guido Alessandri, Gian Vittorio Caprara, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2007, pp. 85-101, DOI:


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