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L'anima nascosta: nascita ed evoluzione del concetto di inconscio in filosofia, psicologia, medicina e letteratura, 1750-1900
Author/s: Nicholas Rand 
Year:  2008 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  28 Pg. 13-40 FullText PDF:  198 KB

The author traces the growth of the unconscious in philosophy, psychology, medicine, and literature from 1750 to 1900, touching on the contributions of Leibniz, Locke, Maine de Biran, Johann Friedrich Herbart, and Jean-Paul Richter. He then gives conceptual preambles to the following seven historical articles published in a special issue of American Imago (no. 3/2004) titled The Growth of the Unconscious, 1750-1900: Johann George Sulzer: Unconscious prejudice and its elimination (1759); Dugald Stewart: Free association in waking and dreaming (1792); Jacob Bernays: Aristotle’s theory of medical catharsis for the soul and the origins of the talking cure (1857); John Daniel Morell and automatic or preconscious mental activity (1862); Eneas Sweetland Dallas and the creative power of the hidden soul (1866); Francis Galton and the investigation of the unconscious through free association (1879); Harald Höffding’s synthesis of the role of the unconscious in psychology (1881). [KEY WORDS: unconscious, history, psychology, catharsis, aesthetics]

Nicholas Rand, in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 1/2008, pp. 13-40, DOI:


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