Women housed in social institutions: a parental identity to (re)invent ABSTRACT: This paper presents a part of the results of a research project on parental identity of women in uncertain socio-economic circumstances, who are housed in social institutions (Centre d’Hébergement et de Réinsertion Sociale). 24 mothers of minors, housed alone or with their husband, in 8 CHRS of the Paris area participated in semi-guided interviews. The results show that if the access to the parenthood constitutes by that fact a new experiment which both parents experience, it occurs here in particular circumstances, in a particular moment in the life of the women, where many changes such as exile, family and marital separations, social isolation and the economic difficulties, have been modifying the integrated terms of reference over a long period of time. And in cases of maternity, these factors intervene in the design of the parenthood and consequently influence the child-raising practices. Keywords Social housing, parenthood, parental identity, mother/child, integration.