Vittimizzazione tra pari e (dis)adattamento psicologico: conseguenza o fattore di rischio?
Journal Title: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA
Author/s: Serena Dama, Simona Caravita
Year: 2008 Issue: 2 Language: Italian
FullText PDF: 185 KB
Vittimizzazione tra pari e (dis)adattamento psicologico: conseguenza o fattore di rischio?This paper proposes a review of the literature exploring the associations of peervictimization with psychological adjustment. First, a discussion is made on the value of distinguishing peer-victimization in bullying episodes from generic peervictimization as two non-interchangeable categories. In fact, recent research data showed that the psychopathological symptoms associated with the victim role in bullying are more severe than in generic peer-victimization. Then, a review is given of the scientific literature examining the relationships between peervictimization and psychological maladjustment, considering peer-victimization either as a risk-factor or a consequence of maladjustment. The role of gender as a moderator of the relationships between peer-victimization and psychopathological symptoms is discussed. Lastly a psychological (and psychopathological) profile of the peer-victimized child and adolescent is drawn. Key words: peer victimization; symptoms; social adjustment; gender differences.
Serena Dama, Simona Caravita, in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 2/2008, pp. 57-76, DOI: