Freud and the Shadow of the super-ego The analysis of his Disturbance of Memory on the Acropolis led Freud to make an enigmatic aphorism: It seems as though the essence of success was to have got further than one’s father and as though to excel one’s father was still something forbidden. Freud postulates, therefore, a primary identifactory rivalry with the father that indissolubly tethers the desire for success to what makes it necessarily transgressive. It is the core of the Ego-Ideal-superego that would perpetuate such a fixation, in spite of the evolution of the post-oedipal identificatory models and the symbolic displacements that qualify such success. The author attempts to show how the ego-superego differentiation, by supporting an indefinite work of subjectivisation, keeps the shadow of the superego from falling on the ego, without the ego claiming to jump over its shadow. What was bequeathed to you by your forefathers, earn it, if you want really to possessed it. If the shadow of the Freudian heri tage is likely not to fall on his heirs, it is because the essence of what he has transmitted remains the fundamental rule the foundational one.