Local manufacturing clusters and global competition. Analysis of two industrial regions: the furniture industry in North Carolina and in the North-East of Italy - This article explores the international upgrading processes taking place within two furniture industrial clusters: the Distretto dell’Alto Livenza in Friuli Venezia Giulia and the cluster of High Point in North Carolina. The choise to direct the research activity on these industrial regions comes from the evidence that both the clusters have recently faced the outsourcing of numerous manufacturing activities. Starting from this remark, the study’s objectives are oriented to detect the motivations that have led the outsourcing processes and the related consequences on the industrial regions and to analyze how High Point and the Alto Livenza are changing their international boundaries from both the production and the distribution perspective.
Keywords: Industrial clusters, value chain, globalization