The Italian adaptation of the four-factor measure of drinking motives (DMQ-R) proposed by Cooper (1994), based on a conceptual model by Cox & Klinger (1988), is presented. Based on data from two Italian samples of adolescents (N = 282) and young university students (N = 238), and on the technique of confirmatory factor analysis, substantial support to the four-factor model is provided. Further analyses, by relating the motivations underlying drinking with specific aspects of drinking (frequency of use and abuse of alcohol, social or private drinking), show the utility of the scale and provide support to the underlying theoretical model.
Keywords: Alcohol, motivation, DMQ-R, alcohol abuse
Cristina Zogmaister, Luigi Castelli, Why do youngsters drink? Italian version of the DMQ-R (Cooper, 1994), questionnaire for the assessment of drinking motives in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2011, pp. 101-118, DOI:10.3280/PDS2011-001008