This review article concerns electronic assessment (e-assessment). The article notes the patchy uptake of e-assessment; it has been widely and successfully used in some contexts, but not in others. The article reviews two approaches to conceptualising the uptake of e-assessment: predictions of e-assessment as a transforming force in education and applications of innovation diffusion scholarship and analysis. The article points out strengths and weaknesses of each approach, but concludes by arguing that e-assessment is a topic worthy of serious study. This implies that predictions of imminent ubiquity should be treated sceptically, and rigorous analytical techniques with a clear theoretical grounding should be used to investigate people’s motivations when they decide whether or not to adopt e-assessment.
Keywords: Literature review, e-assessment (predictions of future), innovation, diffusion, adoption