The positions of the anti-psychiatry movement, as expressed in the 1960-70s mostly by Ronald Laing, David Cooper, and Franco Basaglia, are criticized and seen as "conservative" regarding the origins and treatment of mental disorders. Labelling theory by L.P. Ullmann and L. Krasner, and theory on deviant behavior by Talcott Parsons are also criticized and, even if generally considered opposite to anti-psychiatry, are seen to be sharing the same view of man and society. (This paper originally appeared in German on pp. 31-51 of issue no. 89/1975 of the journal Das Argument, and is a reprint from the Italian edition that appeared on pp. 6-15 of issue no. 3/1976 of the journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane).
Keywords: Anti-psychiatry, labelling theory, sociopsychiatry, deviant behavior, history of psychiatry