The concept of an "as if" personality is proving to be of particular relevance today. Removed from the context of psychopathology where it was first developed by Helene Deutsch, it has been transported to the sphere of social "normality" by Paul Roazen, who characterizes the process of bonding with the leader as not one of identification but of imitation. What emerges from this standpoint is the vision of a general conformism which is present even among the ranks of our own profession. The author tries to demonstrate how in therapeutic practice, the social phenomenon of "as if" personalities becomes obvious through the "therapeuticism" which practitioners are encouraged to exercise from the very beginning of their training. This results in focusing one’s attention mainly on classifications and on therapeutic results. In substance, such psychoanalytic conformism can be seen as the collective "as if" of our profession, where, despite a constant call for authenticity, there continues to be a great display of prescriptions for what "should" be done. A clinical case shows the peculiarity of the "as if" personality concept and the possible difficulties in diagnosing it.
Keywords: Affects; "as if" personality; narcissism; countertransference; therapeuticism; alienation