An overview of current studies of resilient functioning among maltreated and abused children is provided. The empirical evidence show a low rate (0-22%) of resilient adaptation: some abused children function well in some domains with resilience resource, but not others and show fluctuations in functioning over time. The resilience as a dynamic process depends on biological and psychological factors that interact with family and contextual factors that may strengthen or weaken the individual resources, promoting a positive adjustment for some or, conversely, becoming elements of crisis and maladjustment in other. A summary of protective factors (individual child characteristics, features of the child’s family and experiences in the broader environment) associated with recovery and adaptation mechanisms and resilient functioning among abused and neglected children is provided.
Keywords: Resilience, adjustment, child abuse, protective factors