The study investigated the maltreated children’s emotional understanding. Two groups of participants were compared: the experimental group (51 maltreated children; M age = 112 months; SD = 13,87) and a control group (51 non maltreated children; M age = 111 months; SD = 13,45). Different tasks were administered: the TEC (Test of Emotion Comprehension; Pons & Harris, 2000), the Telling of a story (Cigala, 2007), and a self-report task of emotional regulation. The findings show significant differences between two groups in the scores of the TEC, in the emotional regulation and in some categories of emotional language, in favor of non maltreated children. These results contributed to clarify the data in the growing literature on the emotional understanding in maltreated children.
Keywords: Maltreatment, emotional competence, emotional language, regulation, emotional understanding.