Considered from an anthropological standpoint, the urban structure of Dakar is revealed as an actual compromise between various cultural matrices. A local administration with a modern, western concept operates alongside a more traditional local government, which is in turn a reflection of the syncretism between Islam and the purely Lebou religious universe. Some neighbourhoods in Dakar are still sacred territories, where the authority of the mystic orders prevails - informally but openly - over that of democratically elected government bodies. This is the case of Yoff and Cambérène, sacred places where management of the territory is entrusted to the Layene brotherhood.
Keywords: Dakar; sacred territories; Layene