In the last decade, research on the relationship between emotional and cognitive control processes is largely grown, and from a theoretical point of view the similarity between such processes has been highlighted. For example, according to the Dual-Process model (Barrett et al., 2007), emotions also are characterized by automatic and controlled processing. In accord to this perspective, it is necessary to claim the basic topics on the similarity and interaction mechanisms between emotion and cognitive processes. Research has mainly focused on two topics: the role of cognitive control in emotional regulation, and the affective influences on executive functions. The aim of this review is to contribute to deepen our knowledge in this field by critically analyzing studies related to the latter domain. In accord to a central perspective emotional states are automatically activated,
and consequently they interfere on performance in attentive and control tasks (Gray, 2004; Zelazo, 2006). To this aim, a theoretical and methodological perspective has been defined. This perspective involves main theoretical models and researches part of this frame of studies in cognitive sciences.
Keywords: Emotion; cognitive control; conflict and interaction; emotion/cognition interaction.