This paper presents a brief state of the sociology of sport, as an academic discipline, from its origins to the present. The first part makes a distinction between the concepts of "game" and "modern sport", distinguishing them as different and highlighting the characteristics of each. The second part presents a brief history of the sociology of sport touring the main texts and authors who have led to its appearance and distinguishing three phases in the consolidation of the discipline. Finally, the various perspectives of sociological study of sport are exposed highlighting its leading scholars and texts of interest.
Keywords: Sociology of Sport, Game, Modern Sport