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To drive or not to drive? A simple evolutionary model
Author/s: Angelo Antoci, Simone Borghesi, Gerardo Marletto 
Year:  2012 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  17 Pg. 31-47 FullText PDF:  403 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EFE2012-002003
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Car use is an increasingly serious problem in many modern cities because of polluting emissions, noise, accidents and congestion. To examine this issue, this paper analyzes the individual choice between taking the car and using alternative transport modes (e.g. walking, cycling, taking the bus etc.) in the presence of cars’ negative impacts on alternative transport modes. Using a simple evolutionary model, we show the existence of suboptimal Nash equilibria characterized by the widespread use of cars and discuss the effects of simple transport policies that reduce cars’ negative impacts on alternative transport modes.
Keywords: Urban transport, Cars, Negative impacts, Evolutionary dynamics, Suboptimal Nash equilibria
Jel Code: Q52, Q58, R41

Angelo Antoci, Simone Borghesi, Gerardo Marletto, in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 2/2012, pp. 31-47, DOI:10.3280/EFE2012-002003


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