Starting from the creation and development of the Archaeological museum of Rhodes (1914), the article analyses the birth of a colonial heritage consciousness in the Dodecanese. Italian colonial practices reinvented the history of this area focusing on the celebration of the Italian middle ages and an ideological usage of antiquarian objects. The article shows how this process affected the colonization itself, producing tensions and conflicts between colonizers and colonized. It also shows how mediations and negotiations among different subjects (individuals and institutions) contributed to define the new forms of dominion.
Keywords: Archeologia coloniale italiana e tutela, Rodi, Amedeo Maiuri, Museo archeologico di Rodi, resistenza coloniale