Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) has beenconsidered the book that has reawaken the interest for dreams as manifestations of psychic realityand as the royal road to its knowledge. One hundred years later, a Japanese writer (HarukiMurakami) points out the risk that dreams disappear together with the disappearance of psychicreality and of human world as well. The Author of this paper reflects on the actuality of thisrisk. To this purpose, he rereads Freud’s 1900 book - which seems to warrant against this risk "historicizing it, i.e., trying to understand its place in the history of the interest toward dreamsand in Freud’s personal history. The Author concludes that, against the appearance, Freud’s1900 book draws nearer the risk pointed out by the Japanese writer. He also concludes that, inorder to avoid that risk, the interpreter’s responsibility must assume today the form of a separationfrom that book, of a recognition of Freud’s historical reality, and of a correct relation withthis reality.
Keywords: Dream, novelty, psychic reality, Freud’s historical reality, interpreter’sresponsibility