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La laicità in Francia. Il dibattito contemporaneo (1980-2013)
Titolo Rivista: MEMORIA E RICERCA  
Autori/Curatori: Jacqueline Lalouette 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: 43 Laicità e sfera pubblica nell’età contemporanea Europa, Mediterraneo, Stati Uniti Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 25-44 Dimensione file:  141 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MER2013-043003
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Called «laical» in the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth Republic, France is periodically animated by wide and passionate debates about laicity, a term considered by different juridical and philosophical points of view. Among the polemics, we remind the agreement (concordato), that is operative too in Alsace-Lorraine - because these regions were Germans when a new law to separate State and Church was approved - and the private schools (previously called «free»), that obtain important public founds according to the Debré law of 31 december 1959, a norm never accepted by the most inflexible laicist exponents. From the 1980s, the debate about laicity refers above all the presence of Islam in France: the dressing of the headscarf or burqa, the consumption of meat halal, the construction of mosques, and so on. Extremely hostile towards muslims, radical right movement presents itself as a great defender of laicity. Today, further problems foment the debate as the trans- formation of social customs or the bioethic issues - euthanasia, stem cells, gay marriage, and continually there is a fight between religious leaders and pro-laicity groups. Morover, there is a link between laicity and feminist associations, that consider the religions largely guilty of discriminations suffered by women.

Keywords: French Republic, concordato, school, Islam, ethics, women.

Jacqueline Lalouette, in "MEMORIA E RICERCA " 43/2013, pp. 25-44, DOI:10.3280/MER2013-043003


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