Migration processes have facilitated the formation of the so-called bi-national families. These couples may suffer from some forms of discrimination, direct or indirect, from their social environment or local and national authorities. Prejudices and negative stereotypes have a negative impact on the couple stability (Moscato, 2012). However, this can also empower couples to engage in collective action to protect their rights (Odasso, 2013). In the present article, authors will firstly analyse the key European legal instruments and their impact on bi-national couples and, secondly, provide examples of responses that the civil society has given in France, Spain and Germany to administrative practices that affect social inclusion and may be in some cases discriminatory.
Keywords: Binational couples, discrimination, european legal instruments, community policies, associations.
Paola Panzeri, Gianluigi Moscato, Laura Odasso, Juan Antonio Domínguez, The bi-national couples: european standards and national experiences in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 1/2013, pp. 75-83, DOI:10.3280/PSC2013-001007