In recent decades, childhood clinical practice develops early psychotherapeutic interventions focused on the parent-child relationship. This practice is founded on a theoretical model that integrates "infant research" and developmental psychoanalysis. The authors describe two case studies: a three month psychotherapy with a 5-year-old girl who develops, after an illness, obsessive symptoms (to control intense anxieties concerning her sense of Self integrity) and an eight session focal play therapy with a 4-year-old girl suffering of an elimination disorder. In both cases the parents’ presence plays a determining role in the treatment process. This psychotherapeutic approach offers a spatial and temporal setting in which the vulnerabilities of both child and parent are contained and explored, with the purpose of repairing the breaks in communication and recovering the interactive parent-child development.
Keywords: Childhood disorders, brief psychotherapy, parents and children