Since Kenneth Smith (1971) and George Weinberg (1972) first introduced the concept of "homophobia" and framed it as a social problem, significant social, political and cultural changes have occurred. This paper examines contemporary forms of homophobia and focuses on two main issues: a. the combination of socio-cultural factors that affect homosexual visibility; b. the most common arguments advanced against homosexual parenting. In conclusion, a deeper knowledge of homosexual people and homosexuality is necessary to overcome homophobic stereotypes and prejudices. An anti-discrimination policy is needed to build a more inclusive social environment.
Keywords: Omofobia, orientamento omosessuale, omogenitorialità, pregiudizi anti gay, visibilità.