Religious fundamentalism represents a complex religious phenomenon involving both cultural and social domains. The term has been wrongly used as a synonym of terrorism, integralism and extremism. This paper is composed of two complementary parts, which attempt to delineate the religious fundamentalism construct. The first part reviewed the main sociological and psychological defini tions of the religious fundamentalism, the instruments created to measure its components, the most credible hypothesis on the evolution of fundamentalists. The second part investigated the presence of typical value-characteristics of the religious fundamentalist. The study highlights the significant relationship between the religious fundamentalism and values on the Openness/Conservatism continuum.
Keywords: Fundamentalism, values, schema, tradition, antimodernism