The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the dimensions of psychological well-being and frustration intolerance beliefs. Specifically, it was assumed that a higher level of frustration intolerance (emotional intolerance, entitlement, discomfort intolerance, and achievement frustration), corresponds to a lower index of both psychological wellbeing and its dimensions. A further objective was to investigate the presence of gender differences and the possible correlation with age in the variables considered in order to improve scientific knowledge in a field of investigation by the results still not uniform. At this research 200 university students participated (sampled in the universities of Messina and Reggio Calabria). For the evaluation of the variables considered were used Italian versions of Psychological Wellbeing Scale (PWB) (Ryff, 1989; Ruini et al., 2003) and the Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS) (Harrington, 2005a; Filippello et al., 2014). The results partially confirmed the initial hypotheses. As to gender differences, women have presented both a lower well-being and a greater frustration intolerance than men. As for the age, there is a negative correlation with the beliefs of emotional intolerance, entitlement, and discomfort intolerance. Finally, the analysis of regression showed that some dimensions of intolerance to frustration (emotional intolerance and discomfort intolerance) are negatively predictors of psychological well-being. Conversely, the perfectionist beliefs (achievement frustration) influence it positively. Further longitudinal studies would be necessary in order to deepen and confirm the result obtained.
Keywords: Psychological well-being, frustration intolerance, positive psychology, gender and age differences
Luana Sorrenti, Pina Filippello, Caterina Buzzai, Sebastiano Costa, Frustration tolerance and psychological well-being: what relation? in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 3/2015, pp. 65-86, DOI:10.3280/PDS2015-003004