In May 1915, military occupation, and the mobilization imposed by the Italian Government, subverted ordinary life in territories included in the so-called "war areas". Indeed, rural communities experienced the state of war as a trauma, generating resistance against the Italian forces, and isolationism. In those villages transformed into permanent military garrisons, the impact of housing requisition was shocking. The military occupation was carried out between opposition and situations of great disparity, the latter often created by self-interested patriotism of burgeois families. Everyday life in these places - fragile, restricted and uncomfortable in itself - worsened, making cohabitation with soldiers almost intolerable. The present paper deals with the case of Calcinato, where the everyday life of the community has emerged from the study of unpublished documents in the towns of the Brescian Basso Garda archives and in the Fondazione Ugo Da Como’s archive, in Lonato del Garda. In particular, the analysis of economical, political and ethical distortions caused by the long mobilization, allows us to appreciate the social unrest in Calcinato, described as a "Brescian Bolshevism refuge", reconstructing an image which is coherent with post-war social and urban development.
Keywords: War Areas Calcinato Military occupation Transformations