New-town in Spain during the Enlightenment are a constant throughout the 18th century. The best known cases are those of the Sierra Morena (in the current provinces of Jaén, Córdoba and Seville, Andalusia), started under the auspices of King Charles III. But there are other examples worthy of attention as the case of Ferrol in Galicia. The loss of Gibraltar at the beginning of the 18th century posed the question of redefining the naval policy through the reorganization of maritime departments. Ferrol, in Galicia, is the example of a new-town as administrative center of the new maritime department of the North. For this purpose, close to the old village of Ferrol, a new urban space was designed, developed, reshaped and built, according to urban planning theories of the time. The case study of Ferrol reveals a particular interest by the accumulation of elements that converge in the urban planning process; furthermore the topics there discussed and eventually adopted should be treated as an important variable in historical and comparative studies on new-town.
Keywords: History of Spain, Enlightenment, New-town Ferrol, Port cities