Clicca qui per scaricare

Dipendenza da internet e social media negli adolescenti: il ruolo dei processi identitari
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’ 
Autori/Curatori: Valeria de Paolo, Silvana Miceli, Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  10 P. 22-31 Dimensione file:  148 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PSC2016-002003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’ampia diffusione di internet e dei social media negli ultimi decenni ha influenzato il modo di comunicare e di pensare. Ma l’abuso di internet può causare perdita delle relazioni interpersonali, cambi di umore, pensiero orientato all’uso della rete e alterazione del vissuto temporale specialmente negli adolescenti. Scopo del presente studio è stato quello di analizzare in quale misura gli stili identitari sono fattori di protezione o di rischio che potrebbero contrastare o favorire le dipendenze tecnologiche. 310 adolescenti italiani (M = 163; età media = 18.09) hanno compilato un questionario volto a valutare stili identitari, dipendenza dai social media e da internet. Sono state condotte analisi descrittive e causali. I risultati hanno confermato il ruolo dello stile diffuso-evitante come fattore di rischio nello sviluppo dei comportamenti maladattivi.


Keywords: Dipendenze tecnologiche, stili d’identità, internet, social media, fattori di rischio, adolescenza
Jel Code: I12

  1. Andreassen C.S., Billieux J., Griffiths M.D., Kuss D.J., Demetrovics Z., Mazzoni E., Pallesen S. (2016). The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders: A large-scale cross-sectional study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 30(2): 252-262.
  2. Arabzadeh M., Bayanati M., Nikdel F., Nadery M.S., Naimi G. (2012). The relationship of internet addiction with loneliness and identity styles. Journal of Science and today’s world, 1(1): 59-70.
  3. Armstrong L., Phillips J.G., Saling L.L. (2000). Potential determinants of heavier internet usage. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 53: 537-550.
  4. Berzonsky M.D. (1988). Self-theorists. identity status. and social cognition. In: Lapsley D.K., Power F.C., eds., Self, Ego, and Identity: Integrative Approaches. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 243-262.
  5. Berzonsky M.D. (1990). Self construction over life span: a process perspective on identity formation. In: Neimeyer G.J., Neimeyer R.A., eds., Advances in personal construct theory, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, vol. 1, pp. 155-186.
  6. Berzonsky M.D. (2004). Identity processing style, self construction, and personal epistemic assumptions: a socialcognitive perspective. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 1: 303-315., DOI: 10.1177/027243160730200
  7. Berzonsky M.D. (2008). Identity formations: the role of identity processing style and cognitive processes. Personality and individual differences, 44(3): 645- 655.
  8. Berzonsky M.D. (2011). A social-cognitive perspective on identity construction. In: Schwartz S.J., Luyckx K., Vignoles K.V.L., eds., Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 55-76.
  9. Berzonsky M.D., Soenens B., Luyckx K., Smits I., Papini D.R., Goossens L. (2013). Development and validation of the revised identity style inventory (ISI-5): Factor structure, reliability, and validity. Psychological Assessment, 25(3): 893-904.
  10. Byun S., Ruffini C., Mills J.E., Douglas A.C., Niang M., Stepchenkova S., Lee S.K., Loutfi J., Lee J.K., Atallah M., Blanton M. (2009). Internet Addiction: Metasynthesis of 1996-2006 quantitative research. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(2): 203-207.
  11. Cantelmi T., Talli M., D’Andrea A., Gasparri A. (1999). Psicopatologia connessa ad Internet: recenti acquisizioni. Giornale di Medicina Militare, 149: 49-54.
  12. Caretti V., La Barbera D. (2001). Psicopatologia delle realtà virtuali. Milano: Masson.
  13. Caplan S.E. (2002). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: Development of a theory-based cognitive-behavioral measurement instrument. Computers in Human Behavior, 18(5): 553-575., DOI: 10.1016/S0747-5632(02)00004-
  14. Caplan S.E. (2003). Preference for online social interaction: A theory of problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being. Communication Research, 30(6): 625-648., DOI: 10.1177/009365020325784
  15. Chak K., Leung L. (2004). Shyness and locus of control as predictors of internet addiction and internet use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 7(5): 559-570.
  16. Côté J.E., Levine C.G. (2002). Identity formation, agency, and culture: A social psychological synthesis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  17. Fioravanti G., Casale S. (2015). Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Italian Internet Addiction Test. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18(2): 120-128.
  18. Goldberg I. (1996). Internet Addiction Disorder. www.urz.uni-heidelberg.de/ Netzdienste/anleitung/wwwtips/8/addict.html
  19. Griffiths M.D. (1998). Internet addiction: Does it really exist? In: Gackenbach J., ed., Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Transpersonal Implications. New York: Academic Press.
  20. Griffiths M. (2005). A ‘components’ model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework. Journal of Substance Use, 10(4): 191-197., DOI: 10.1080/1465989050011435
  21. Hojjat S.K., Golmakani E., Bayazi M.H., Mortazavi R., Khalili M.N., Akaberi A. (2016). Personality Traits and Identity Styles in Methamphetamine-Dependent Women: A Comparative Study. Global Journal of Health Science, 8(1): 14-20.
  22. Hur M. (2006). Demographic, habitual, and socioeconomic determinants of Internet addiction disorder: an empirical study of Korean teenagers. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9: 514-525.
  23. Katz J.E., Rice R.E., Aspden P. (2001). The Internet, 1995-2000. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(3): 405-419., DOI: 10.1177/000276420104500300
  24. Kim J., Haridakis P.M. (2009). The role of Internet use characteristics and motives in explaining Three Dimensions in Internet addiction. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(4): 988-1015.
  25. Kuss D.J., Griffiths M.D. (2011). Online social networking and addiction ‒ a review of the psychological literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(9): 3528-3552.
  26. Leung L., Wei R. (2000). More than just Talk on the move: Uses and gratifications on the cellular phones. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(2): 308-320., DOI: 10.1177/10776990000770020
  27. Marcia J.E. (1966). Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3: 551-558. doi.org/10.1037/h0023281
  28. Mathews R. (2004). The psychosocial aspects of mobile phone use among adolescents. InPsych, 26(6): 16-19.
  29. Monacis L., de Palo V., Sinatra M., Berzonsky M.D. (2016a). The Revised identity style inventory: Factor structure and validity in Italian speaking students. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(883): 1-7.
  30. Monacis L., de Palo V., Di Nuovo S., Sinatra M. (2016b). Validation of the Rational and Experiential Multimodal Inventory in the Italian Context. Psychological Reports, 119(1): 242-262., DOI: 10.1177/003329411665762
  31. Morsünbül Ü. (2014). Internet addiction in adolescence period: its relations with identity style and ruminative exploration. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15(1): 77-83.
  32. Perrella R., Caviglia G. (2014). Dipendenze da internet. Adolescenti e adulti. Santarcangelo di Romagna (RN): Maggioli.
  33. Shapira N.A., Goldsmith T.D., Keck P.E., Khosla U.M., McElroy S.L. (2000). Psychiatric features of individuals with problematic internet use. Journal of Affective Disorders, 57(1): 267-272., DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00107-
  34. Shotton M. (1991). The costs and benefits of “computer addiction”. Behaviour and Information Technology, 10(3): 219-230.
  35. Sinatra M., de Palo V., Contini P., Volpicella V. (2016). Identity styles and Internet-related addictive behaviours in adolescents. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (in press).
  36. Tabaraei N., Nikoogoftar M., Minoosepehr S. (2014). Determination of Problematic Internet Use: Identity Styles and Social Skills. IAU International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3): 27-34.
  37. Uslander E.M. (2000). Producing and consuming Trust. Political Science Quarterly, 115(4): 569-590., DOI: 10.2307/265761
  38. van der Aa N., Overbeek G., Engels R.C.M.E., Scholte R.H.J., Meerkerk G.J., Van den Eijnden R.J.J.M. (2009). Daily and compulsive internet use and well-being in adolescence: A diathesis-stress model based on big five personality traits. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(6): 765-776.
  39. Wang C.W., Ho R.T., Chan C.L., Tse S. (2015). Exploring personality characteristics of Chinese adolescents with internet-related addictive behaviors: Trait differences for gaming addiction and social networking addiction. Addictive behaviors, 42: 32-35.
  40. White J.M., Montgomery M.J., Wampler R.S., Fischer J.L. (2003). Recovery from alcohol or drug abuse: the relationship between identity styles and recovery behaviors. Identity, 3: 325-345., DOI: 10.1207/S1532706XID0304_02
  41. Yan W., Li Y., Sui N. (2014). The relationship between recent stressful life events, personality traits, perceived family functioning and internet addiction among college students. Stress and Health, 30(1): 3-11.
  42. Young K.S. (1998). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 1(3): 237-244.
  43. Zamani B.E., Abedini Y., Kheradmand A. (2012). Internet addiction based on personality characteristics of high school students in Kerman, Iran. Addiction and Health, 3(3-4): 85-91.

Valeria de Paolo, Silvana Miceli, Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra, in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 2/2016, pp. 22-31, DOI:10.3280/PSC2016-002003

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche