Click here to download

Messaging intervention for promoting self-monitoring of fruit and vegetable consumption
Author/s: Daniela Caso, Valentina Carfora 
Year:  2017 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 97-111 FullText PDF:  223 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2017-001005
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB ‒ Ajzen, 1991) has been widely applied in predicting fruit and vegetable consumption. The aim of this pilot study was to test the applicability of the TPB model to the evaluation of a messaging intervention for promoting this healthy eating behaviour. Particularly, the intervention consisted in sending daily messages that promote self-monitoring of fruit and vegetable consumption. Participants (N=116 undergraduates; 30 M, 86 F; mean age=22.91, S. D.=8,33), were involved in a quasi-experimental design which manipulated the variable "messages vs no messages". After the intervention, experimental group (which received daily messages), compared with control (which did not receive messages), increased fruit and vegetable consumption. Moreover, intention mediated the effects of conditions on post-intervention consumption. Therefore, findings confirmed the predictive power of the TPB, which considers the behavioral intention as a cognitive antecedent of behavior. Although the limitations of the current pilot study, these results can be used to support new strategies for promoting healthy eating, which may use the messaging intervention as a more contextualized communication for the new generations.
Keywords: Theory of Planned Behavior, messaging intervention, fruit and vegetable promotion

  1. Ajzen I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50: 179-211., DOI: 10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-
  2. Blanchard C.M., Fisher J., Sparling P.B., Shanks T.H., Nehl E., Rhodes R.E., Courneya K.S. and Baker F. (2009a). Understanding adherence to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day: A theory of planned behavior perspective. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 41 (1): 3-10.
  3. Blanchard C.M., Kupperman J., Sparling P.B., Nehl E., Rhodes R.E., Courneya K.S. and Baker F. (2009b). Do ethnicity and gender matter when using the theory of planned behavior to understand fruit and vegetable consumption? Appetite, 52: 15-20.
  4. Bogers R.P., Brug J., van Assema P. and Dagnelie P.C. (2004). Explaining fruit and vegetable consumption. The theory of planned behaviour and misconception of personal intake levels. Appetite, 42: 157-166.
  5. Boutelle K.N., Kirschenbaum D.S., Baker R.C. and Mitchell M.E. (1999). How can obese weight controllers minimize weight gain during the high risk holiday season? By self-monitoring very consistently. Health Psychology, 18 (4): 364-8.
  6. Brouwer A.M. and Mosack K.E. (2015). Expanding the theory of planned behavior to predict healthy eating behaviors. Nutrition & Food Science, 45 (1): 39-53., DOI: 10.1108/NFS-06-2014-005
  7. Carfora V., Caso D. and Conner M. (2016a). The role of self-identity in predicting fruit and vegetable intake. Appetite, 106: 23-29.
  8. Carfora V., Caso D. and Conner M. (2016b). Randomized controlled trial of a messaging intervention to increase fruit and vegetable intake in adolescents: Affective versus instrumental messages. British Journal of Health Psychology, 4: 937-955.
  9. Carfora V., Caso D. and Conner M. (2017). Correlational Study and Randomised Controlled Trial for Understanding and Changing Red Meat Consumption: The Role of Eating Identities. Social Science and Medicine (in press).
  10. Carver C.S. and Scheier M.F. (1982). Control theory: A useful conceptual framework for personality-social, clinical, and health psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 92: 111-135., DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.92.1.11
  11. Caso D. (2015). L’uso di Internet e il benessere psicosociale in adolescenza: Uno studio correlazionale [Internet use and psychosocial well-being in adolescence: A correlational study]. Psicologia della Salute, 2: 141-155., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2015-00200
  12. Caso D., Carfora V. and Conner M. (2016). Predicting intentions and consumption of fruit and vegetables in Italian adolescents: Effects of anticipated regret and self-identity. Psicologia Sociale, 3: 319-326., DOI: 10.1482/8466
  13. Cialfa E., D’Amicis A., Leclercq C., Quaglia G.B., Sette S., Ticca M. e Tomassi G. (2003). Linee guida per una sana alimentazione italiana. Istituto nazionale di ricerca per gli alimenti e la nutrizione, Roma Italia, p. 86. Retrieved from USDHHS 2010
  14. Gollwitzer P.M. and Sheeran P. (2006). Implementation intentions and goal achievement: A meta-analysis of effects and processes. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 38: 69-120., DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2601(06)38002-
  15. Guillaumie L., Godin G. and Vezina-Im L.A. (2010). Psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in adult population: A systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7: 12., DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-1
  16. Hall A.K., Cole-Lewis H. and Bernhardt J.M. (2015). Mobile Text Messaging for Health: A Systematic Review of Reviews. Annual Review of Public Health, 36 (1): 393-415.
  17. Kvaavik E., Lien N., Tell G. and Klepp K.I. (2005). Psychosocial predictors of eating habits among adults in their mid-30s: The Oslo Youth Study follow-up 1991–1999. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2: 9., DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-2-
  18. Leganger A. and Kraft P. (2003). Control constructs: Do they mediate the relation between educational attainment and health behaviour? Journal of Health Psychology, 8: 361-372., DOI: 10.1177/1359105303008300
  19. Louis W.R., Chan M.K.H. and Greenbaum S. (2009). Stress and the theory of planned behavior. Understanding healthy and unhealthy eating intentions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 472-493.
  20. Michie S., Abraham C., Whittington C., McAteer J. and Gupta S. (2009). Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: A meta-regression. Health Psychology, 28: 690-701.
  21. Militello L.K., Kelly S.A. and Melnyk B.M. (2012). Systematic Review of Text-Messaging Interventions to Promote Healthy Behaviors in Pediatric and Adolescent Populations: Implications for Clinical Practice and Research. Evidence-Based Nursing, 9 (2): 66-77.
  22. Multiscopo ISTAT (2014). Survey Aspects of Daily Life. --Retrived from en/archive/129959
  23. Payne B.K., Burkley M.A. and Stokes M.B. (2008). Why do implicit and explicit attitude tests diverge? The role of structural fit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94: 16-31., DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.94.1.16
  24. Paulhus D.L. and Vazire S. (2007). The Self-Report Method. In: Robins R.W., Fraley R.C. and Krueger R.F. (eds.), Handbook of research methods in personality psychology. New York: Guildford, pp. 224-239.
  25. Powers W.T. (1973). Behavior: The control of perception. Chicago, IL: Aldine.
  26. Rhodes R.E. and de Bruijn G.J. (2013). How big is the physical activity intention-behaviour gap? A meta-analysis using the action control framework. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18: 296-309.
  27. Rodgers A., Corbett T., Bramley D., Riddell T., Wills M., Lin R.B. et al. (2005). Do u smoke after txt? Results of a randomised trial of smoking cessation using mobile phone text messaging. Tobacco Control, 14: 255-261.
  28. Sheeran P. (2002). Intention-behavior relations: A conceptual and empirical review. European Review of Social Psychology, 12: 1-36., DOI: 10.1080/1479277214300000
  29. Sheeran P., Milne S., Webb T.L. and Gollwitzer P.M. (2005). Implementation intentions and health behaviour. In: Conner M. (ed.), Predicting health behaviour: Research and practice with social cognition models. New York, NY: Open University Press, pp. 276-323.
  30. Sheeran P. and Webb T.L. (2011). From goals to action. In: Aarts H. and Elliott A. (eds.), Frontiers in social psychology: Goal-directed behavior. London: Psychology Press, pp. 175-202.
  31. Sjoberg S., Kim K. and Reicks M. (2004). Applying the theory of planned behavior to fruit and vegetable consumption by older adults. Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, 23: 35-46.
  32. U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDA/USDHHS). (2010). Dietary guidelines for Americans. Washington, DC: U.S. --Retrieved from
  33. Webb T.L. (2006). Getting things done: Self-regulatory processes in goal pursuit. Social Psychological Review, 8: 2-13.
  34. Webb T.L. and Sheeran P. (2006). Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 132: 249-268., DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.132.2.24
  35. Woolford S.J., Clark S., Strecher V. and Resnicow K. (2010). Tailored mobile phone text messages as an adjunct to obesity treatment for adolescents. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 16 (8): 458-61.

Daniela Caso, Valentina Carfora, Messaging intervention for promoting self-monitoring of fruit and vegetable consumption in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2017, pp. 97-111, DOI:10.3280/PDS2017-001005


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content