This article proposes an unprecedented description and analysis of the main evolutions of French urban sociology from 2001 until today. Its first section presents the many academic contexts (universities, research institutes, etc.) in which sociologists working on urban issues are employed, and the most recent changes in the institutional organization of the sub-discipline. The second section focuses on how the internationalization of French sociology during the past fifteen years, its fragmentation into thematic subfields and the multiplication of theoretical paradigms have furthered the consolidation and the normalization of an urban and regional sociology subfield. The third section analyzes the causes and the modalities of the comparative turn of French urban studies. Finally, the fourth presents the limits to the dynamics of homogenization and some peculiar research topics that have favored the sub-sistence or the emergence of national specificities.
Keywords: Urban sociology, French sociology, history of sociology, academia, configuration, France