The essay studies the role of truth and the right to truth during the Argentinian transition. It aims at clarifying the reasons why the issue of truth became so debated between victims and juridical and political institutions, since the Eighties. After discussing the historical context of dictatorship and of forced disappearances, the essay focuses on the practices to deal with the death of one’s own relative from a socio-anthropological, psychological and juridical point of view. The main factors that emerge in relation to truth in Argentina are the following: the ambiguous post-dictatorship policy and the specificity of the crime of forced disappearance.
Keywords: Desaparecidos - Right to truth - Forced disappearances - Victims - Transitional justice