Neuromanagement deals with neuroscience methodological approaches to the management field. Leadership is a well-known management’s construct, but objective psychophysiological data supporting this statement, are still missing. The present pilot study aimed to apply the hyperscanning paradigm during a roleplayed employees’ evaluation. Our purpose was to identify lexical and neuro/psychophysiological markers of leader-employee interactions. The sample consisted in paired manager-collaborator couples. Managers were asked to use two different communication styles: authoritative vs. cooperative. Main topics were identified thanks to a conversational analysis; this permitted to interpret da-ta. Results showed that the interview was more arousing for the employee than for the manager. An increasing of Delta and Theta cortical bands could denote positive valence of personal change and company mission topics. Autonomic measures (Skin Conductance Response and Heart Rate) showed important information related to different leadership style and to the role inside the company. Results highlight the importance of applying neurosciences to organizational con-texts exploring processes related to manager-employee dynamics and communicative style. In particular hyperscanning paradigm seems to be useful to investigate interpersonal dynamics and their psychophysiological markers during an important phase of management conduction: employees’ evaluation.
Keywords: Management, leadership, hyperscanning technique, communicative style.