All societies are unequal to some extent; but the scale of these inequalities matters in both the practice and the politics of welfare. This paper argues that the scale of the gap between those at the bottom and those at the top can mean that both economically and culturally rich and poor people within the same society can feel as though they are living in different worlds. For those in the middle the collective investment of the welfare state in their common good has been lost. In my paper I argue that we can restore a common cause in promoting the common good across the poor and vulnerable, the new middle class and the (increasingly) super rich, only when all involved can see a shared interest in their investment in the welfare
services which are necessary and beneficial to all.
Keywords: Inequality; Horizontal Redistribution; Mean-Tested Benefits; Hypothecated Taxation; Lower Middle Class