The essay analyzes the dismissal for economic reasons (gmo) after the recent opinion expressed by the Italian Supreme Court (Corte di Cassazione). The Court maintains that the gmo dismissal is justified even without a serious economic crisis of the company and when there is the elimination of a Job position. First of all, the analysis points out how important the concept of "general clause" - used by the law to define the dismissal for economic reasons (art. 30, l. 183/2010) " is for the interpretation of the gmo. After underlining some contradictions of the new interpretation proposed by the Supreme Court, the author confirms the traditional notions of the gmo as extrema ratio. This conclusion is drawn through an interpretation of art. 3 of l. 604/1966 in the light of the principles defined by the Italian Constitution and some European legal sources. According to this legal framework, the author maintains that the individual economic dismissal can be justified only when the company has the need to dismiss a worker for serious economic or organizational reasons which impose the suppression of the job position. In fact, the suppression is not sufficient in itself without these serious reasons imposed by the job protection legislation reinterpreted according to the legal framework described above.
Keywords: Dismissal for economic reasons (gmo); "General clause", "open norm" or "norm with an undefined content"; Suppression of the job position; Employment Protection in the Italian Constitution and in some European legal sources; Dismissal for gmo as extrema ratio; The need for the dismissal to be based on serious economic and organizational reasons.