The essay deals with the effectiveness of the crime of illicit mediation and labour exploitation. The criminalization choices made by the law n. 199/2016 seems to be threatened not only by an imperfect legislative technique, lacking above all on the level of strictness, but also by a choice of criminalization that, despite the prediction of the corporate criminal responsibility, leaves without any punishment the c.d. final user. To this adds a discrepancy between politi-cal-administrative and criminal action, which strongly affects enforcement, entrusted to control agencies increasingly overloaded with work and lacking material and human resources.
Keywords: Gangmaster system; Vulnerability; Illicit workforce mediation; Labour exploita-tion; Corporate criminal responsibility; Reputational sanctions.