The question of progress in psychoanalytic theorizing is analyzed through a discussion of pluralism (i.e., the existence of different psychoanalytic "schools"), of the nature of training and education in psychoanalytic institutes, and of the claim of a "common ground" in certain areas despite theoretical differences. It is argued that progress requires theoretical integration among different psychoanalytic "schools" and shifts in prevailing attitudes in regard to training and education. The need for critical thinking and openness to relevant empirical findings from other disciplines is also emphasized. The question of progress in psychoanalysis is linked to the future of psychoanalysis conceived not only as the future of the profession but also, and more importantly, of a theory of mental functioning.
Keywords: Pluralism; Common ground; Theoretical progress; Integration; Psychoanalytic education