Click here to download

Promoting European active citizenship: a participatory intervention towards the politicisation of youth social concerns
Author/s: Joana P. Cruz, Carla Malafaia, Filipe Piedade, José Eduardo Silva, Isabel Menezes 
Year:  2019 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  21 Pg. 69-89 FullText PDF:  231 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PSC2019-001006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Despite their normative and regulatory nature, schools, as contexts for democratic educa-tion, are also places for free discussion, critical analysis and imagining personal and societal change. Under the European project CATCH-EyoU, we developed a 2-years school-based in-tervention with a group of Portuguese secondary school students, inspired by the approach of youth participatory action research (YPAR). Having youths as co-researchers, both conven-tional (questionnaires and interviews) and emergent (theatre of the oppressed, photovoice) methods were mobilised to research dating violence, a problem previously identified by them as relevant in their community. The intervention process will be described, and its potential and limitations discussed.
Keywords: Youth, citizenship, participation, intervention, participatory research

  1. Amsden, J., & VanWynsberghe, R. (2005). Community mapping as a research tool with youth. Action Research, 3(4), 357-381., DOI: 10.1177/1476750305058487
  2. Andolina, M., Jenkins, K., Keeter, S., & Zukin, C. (2002). Searching for the Meaning of Youth Civic Engagement: Notes From the Field. Applied Developmental Science, 6, 189-195., DOI: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0604_5
  3. Araújo, M.J. & Monteiro, H. (2018). Crianças de todo o mundo, uni-vos! Notas sobre a submissão das crianças à “ideologia do trabalho útil”. Ambiente & Educação Revista de Educação Ambiental, 23(3), 170-188.
  4. Arendt, H. (1968). Between past and future. New York: Penguin Books.
  5. Arnett, J.J. (2007). Debate: Emerging Adulthood in Europe a Response to Bynner. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(1), 111-123., DOI: 10.1080/1367626050052367
  6. Augusto, N. (2008). A juventude e a(s) política(s): desinstitucionalização e individualização. Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, 81, 155-177.
  7. Banks, S., Armstrong, A., Carter, K., Graham, H., Hayward, P., Henr, A., & Strachan, A. (2013). Everyday ethics in community-based participatory research. Contemporary Social Science: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences, 8(3), 1-15., DOI: 10.1080/21582041.2013.76961
  8. Barrett, M., & Zani, B. (2015). Political and civic engagement: Multidisciplinary perspectives. London and New York: Routledge.
  9. Barrett, M. & Zani, B. (2015). Political and civic engagement: Theoretical understandings, evidence and policies. In M. Barrett & B. Zani (Eds.), Political and Civic Engagement: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (pp. 3-25). London: Routledge.
  10. Baum, F., MacDougall, C., & Smith, D. (2006). Participatory action research. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(10), 854-857.
  11. Beane, J.A. (1990). Affect in the curriculum: Toward democracy, dignity, and diversity. New York: Teachers College Press.
  12. Biesta, G. (2009). Good education in an age of measurement: On the need to reconnect with the question of purpose in education. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 21(1), 33-46.
  13. Biesta, G. (2011). The Ignorant Citizen: Mouffe, Rancière, and the Subject of Democratic Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 30(2), 141-153.
  14. Boal, A. (2002). Games for actors and non-actors. New York, USA: Routledge.
  15. Bostock, J., & Freeman, J. (2003). ‘No limits’: Doing participatory action research with young people in Northumberland. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 13(6), 464-474.
  16. Checkoway, B. (2011). What is youth participation? Children and Youth Services Review, 33(2), 340-345.
  17. Cornwall, A., & Jewkes, R. (1995). What is participatory research? Social Science & Medicine, 41(12), 1667-1676., DOI: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00127-
  18. De Groot, I. & Veugelers, W. (2015). Why we need to question the democratic engagement of adolescents in Europe. Journal of Social Science Education, 14(4), 27-38.
  19. Delli Carpini, M. (2000). Gen.Com: Youth, civic engagement, and the new information environment. Political Communication, 17(4), 341-349., DOI: 10.1080/1058460005017894
  20. European Commission (2017). Eurydice Brief: Citizenship Education at School in Europe (p. 3). Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency. Retrieved from --
  21. Fals-Borda, O. (2001). Participatory (action) research in social theory: Origins and challenges. In P. Reason & H. Bradbury (Eds.), Handbook of action research (pp. 27-37). London, UK: Sage.
  22. Ferreira, P.D., Azevedo, C., & Menezes, I. (2012). The developmental quality of participation experiences: Beyond the rhetoric that “participation is always good!”. Journal of Adolescence, 35(3), 599-610.
  23. Finn, J.L. (1994). The promise of participatory research. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 5(2), 25-42.
  24. Flanagan, C. & Levine, P. (2010). Civic engagement and the transition to adulthood. The Future of children, 20(1), 159-79.
  25. Foster-Fishman, P., Law, K., Lichty, L. & Aoun, C. (2010). Youth ReACT for Social Change: A Method for Youth Participatory Action Research. American Journal Community Psychology, 46, 67-83.
  26. Ozer, E, Ritterman, M. & Wanis, M. (2010). Participatory action research (PAR) in middle school: opportunities, constraints, and key processes. American Journal Community Psychology, 46(1-2), 152-66.
  27. Freire, P. (1983). Extensão ou comunicação? 7ª ed. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra.
  28. Freire, P. (1998). Pedagogia do Oprimido. 25 ª ed. (1ª edição: 1970). Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra.
  29. Grant, J., Nelson, G., & Mitchell, T. (2008). Negotiating the challenge of participatory action research: Relationships, power, participation, change and credibility. In P. Reason & H. Bradbury (Eds.), A SAGE handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice (2nd ed.) (pp. 580-60). London, UK: SAGE.
  30. Gessner, S. (2017). Teaching Civic Education in a Migrating Global Community: How Can Students with a Migration Background Contribute to Didactics and Civic Education Theory? Journal of Social Science Education, 16(2), 41-51.
  31. Hannon, C. & Tims, C. (2010). An anatomy of youth. London: Demos.
  32. Hedtke, R. (2013). Who is afraid of a non-conformist youth? The right to dissent and to not participate. In R. Hedtke & T. Zimenkova (Eds.), Education for civic and political participation: A critical approach (pp. 54-78). New York, USA: Routledge.
  33. Howe, K., Boal, J. & Soeiro, J. (Eds.) (2019). The Routledge Companion to Theatre of the Oppressed. UK: Routledge.
  34. Hurtado, J. C. (2018). Por uma infância emancipada? Caderno de Leituras n. 74 / Série Infância.
  35. Jiménez-Domínguez, B. (2009). Ignacio Martín-Baró’s Social Psychology of Liberation: Situated Knowledge and Critical Commitment Against Objectivism. In M. Montero & C. C. Sonn (Eds.), Psychology of Liberation, Peace Psychology Book Series, 37. Springer Science & Business Media., DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-85784-8_3
  36. Kerr, D. (1999). Citizenship education in the curriculum: an international review. School Field, 10(3-4), 5-31. -- Tratto da
  37. Kim, J. (2016). Youth involvement in participatory action research (par): Challenges and barriers. Critical Social Work, 17(1). -- Tratto da
  38. Klandermans, B. (1997). The social psychology of protest. Oxford: Blackwell.
  39. Larson, R., Walker, K., & Pearce, N. (2005). A comparison of youth‐driven and adult‐driven youth programs: Balancing inputs from youth and adults. Journal of Community Psychology, 33(1), 57-74.
  40. Lawy, R. & Biesta, G. (2006). Citizenship-as-practice: the educational implications of an inclusive and relational understanding of citizenship. British Journal of Educational Studies, 54(1), 34-50.
  41. Magalhães, P. & Moral, J.S. (2008). Os jovens e a política, Lisboa, Centro de Sondagens e Estudos de Opinião da Universidade Católica Portuguesa/cesop, 1-52. -- Tratto da
  42. Martín-Baró, I. (1985). La desideologización como aporte de la psicología social al desarrollo de la democracia en Latinoamérica. Boletín de Avepso, VIII (3), 101-108. Tratto da --
  43. McCowan, T. (2009). A ‘seamless enactment’ of citizenship education. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 43, 85-99.
  44. McIntyre, A. (2006). Activist research and student agency in universities and urban communities. Urban Education, 41(6), 628-647., DOI: 10.1177/004208590629251
  45. Menezes, I. (2007). Intervenção Comunitária – uma perspetiva psicológica. Porto: Livpsic/Legis Editora.
  46. Menezes, I., Cicognani, E., & Amnå, E. (2019). CATCH-EyoU. Intervention in Schools. Methodology Evaluation and Main Results. EXTRACT Portugal. University of Bologna. -- [Dataset]
  47. Menezes, I., Ribeiro, N., Fernandes-Jesus, M., Malafaia, C., & Ferreira, P. (Eds.) (2012). Agência e participação cívica e política: Jovens e imigrantes na construção da democracia. Porto: Livpsic.
  48. Monteiro, H. & Ferreira, P. (2011). Unpolite Citizenship: The Non-Place of Conflict in Political Education. Journal of Social Science Education, 10, 5-11.
  49. Mouffe, C. (2005). On the political. London: Routledge.
  50. Nelson, G., & Prilleltensky, I. (2010). Community psychology: In pursuit of liberation and well-being. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  51. Norris, P. (2002). Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing political activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  52. Ozer, E., Ritterman, M., & Wanis, M. (2010). Participatory action research (PAR) in middle school: opportunities, constraints, and key processes. American Journal of Community Psychology, 46(1-2), 152-66.
  53. Pais, J. M. (2005). Jovens e cidadania. Sociologia, problemas e práticas, 49, 53-70. -- Tratto da
  54. Park, P. (1993). What is participatory research? A theoretical and methodological perspective. In P. Park, M. Brydon-Miller, B. Hall, & T. Jackson (Eds.), Voices of change: Participatory research in the United States and Canada (pp. 1-19). Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
  55. Piedade, F., Ribeiro, N., Loff, M., Neves, T. & Menezes, I. (2018). Learning About the European Union in Times of Crisis: Portuguese Textbooks’ Normative Visions of European Citizenship. Journal of Social Science Education, 17(2), 31-40. --
  56. Quaghebeur, K., Masschelein, J. & Nguyen, H. (2004). Paradox of participation: giving or taking part? Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 14, 154-165.
  57. Quintelier, E. (2007). Differences in political participation between young and old people. Contemporary Politics, 13, 165-180., DOI: 10.1080/1356977070156265
  58. Rancière, J. (2003). The philosopher and his poor. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  59. Reason, P. (2006). Choice and quality in action research practice. Journal of Management Inquiry, 15(2), 187-203., DOI: 10.1177/105649260628807
  60. Ribeiro, A.B., Caetano, A., & Menezes, I. (2016). Citizenship education, educational policies and NGOs. British Educational Research Journal, 42,646-664.
  61. Sarmento, M.J. (2004). As culturas da infância nas encruzilhadas da segunda modernidade. In M.J. Sarmento, A.B. Cerisara (Eds.) Crianças e miúdos: Perspetivas sociopedagógicas da infância e educação (pp. 9-34). Porto: Asa.
  62. Shor, I. (1992). Empowering education: Critical teaching for social change. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  63. Spannring, R. (2008). Understanding (non-) Participation: Forms, Meanings and Reasons. In R. Spannring, G. Ogris & W. Gaiser (Eds.) Youth and Political Participation in Europe. Results of the Comparative Study EUYOUPART, pp. 55-85.
  64. Stoecker, R. (2003). Community-based research: From practice to theory and back again. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 9(2), 35-46.
  65. Van der Ploeg, P. & Guérin, L. (2016). Questioning participation and solidarity as goals of citizenship education. Critical Review, 28(2), 248-264., DOI: 10.1080/08913811.2016.119119
  66. Veiga, S. (2008). O impacto do envolvimento dos estudantes universitários em actividades extra-curriculares no empowerment psicológico e no desenvolvimento cognitivo-vocacional (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Porto, Portugal.
  67. Verba, S., Schlozman, K.L., & Brady, H. (1995). Voice and equality: civic voluntarism in American politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  68. Westheimer, J. (2017). What kind of citizens do we need? Educational Leadership, 75(3): 12-18. -- Tratto da
  69. Youniss, J., Bales, S., Christmas-Best, V., Diversi, M., McLaughlin, M. & Silbereisen, R. (2002). Youth civic engagement in the twenty-first century. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12(1), 121-148., DOI: 10.1111/1532-7795.0002
  70. Zaff, J., Malanchuk, O. & Eccles, J.S. (2008). Predicting positive citizenship from adolescence to young adulthood: The effects of a civic context. Applied Developmental Science, 12(1), 38-53., DOI: 10.1080/1088869080191056
  71. Zimenkova, T. (2012). Active citizenship as harmonious co-existence? About the Political in Participatory Education. In R. Hedtke, T. Zimenkova (Eds.), Education for civic and political participation: A critical approach (pp. 36-53). New York: Routledge.
  72. Zukin, C., Keeter, S., Andolina, M., Jenkins, K. & Delli Carpini, M. (2006). A new engagement? Political participation, civic life, and the changing American citizen. Oxford: University Press.

Joana P. Cruz, Carla Malafaia, Filipe Piedade, José Eduardo Silva, Isabel Menezes, in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 1/2019, pp. 69-89, DOI:10.3280/PSC2019-001006


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content