This study deepens the analysis of how the physician’s role is represented in contemporary society and how such a representation affects the patient’s propensity to comply. 468 patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire aimed at detecting the representation of the medical role. The level of compliance was measured by means of a multiple 4-point Likert scale with ques-tions on five aspects: therapy, advice on health, hygienic rules, prohibited behaviours, sugges-tions for a healthy life-style. A procedure combining multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis was applied to identify response profiles, corresponding to different represen-tations of the physician’s role. Univariate analysis (ANOVA) was performed to compare clus-ters on compliance levels. Four profiles were identified; the physician is represented in turn as affiliative authority, idealized friend, competent advisor or disappointing opponent. Significant differences were found in the level of compliance characterizing each representation. The find-ings suggest that the knowledge of the ways patients represent their relationship with the phy-sician is a crucial area for a better understanding of the different patient compliance levels.
Keywords: Cultural milieu, representations of physician’s role, compliance
Annalisa Venezia, Piergiorgio Mossi, Claudia Venuleo, Giulia Savarese, Sergio Salvatore, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2019, pp. 100-121, DOI:10.3280/PDS2019-002005