The essay reflects about the evaluation as instrument of empowerment. The essay starts from a reconstruction of the rapid spread of the evaluation practices, focusing on the problematic aspects around which critical perspectives have matured. The author offers a brief presentation of the most significant contributions that look at the adoption of self-assessment approaches in educational systems, with particular attention to the School Self Evaluation. This briefly shows the main assumptions of values and the critical issues related to an approach of this type. In the conclusions, the author highlights the centrality of the management support and the systems of leadership that underlie the evaluation process. To adopt an approach of this type to favor, within the autonomy of education system, the construction of skills and capacity for organizational and professional assessment means, in fact, reconsidering both the processes of accompaniment to the nascent culture of the evaluation and the necessity for preparing to new strategic skills within this peculiar kind of organization.
Keywords: Evaluation; Empowerment; Self-Evaluation; Leadership; Organizational Climate; School Organization.