Efficient risk prevention is a vital way to reduce the vulnerability of individuals when facing emergency risks, especially regarding earthquakes or other natural catastrophes. An investigation into individual-level perceptions in risk contexts is very important for improved risk prevention.
The main aim of this study was to analyse the level and the relation among: the fear of the event; the perception of controllability; the perception of predictability and the causes attributed to natural disasters, the judgment on preventive activities carried out on the territory and the reason why the individual, despite having suffered damages, had decided to stay. Participants are 296 Italian emerging adults rated items of information in a questionnaire regarding their risk perception about natural disasters. The perception of controllability of the event and the concern for the repetition of the catastrophe have an impact on the well-being of the individual also in terms of the perception of the need to implement prevention actions. Participants consider the prevention activity promoted in the area to be inappropriate.
Keywords: Risk perception, emerging adulthood, natural disasters, prevention