Less than one company out of two, in Italy, 5 years after birth is still active. The low survival rate of companies suggests the existence of a public problem that, at least partially, concern the entrepreneurial culture. This article, after having introduced the main reference literature, presents a selection of stylized facts useful to characterize the attitudes and profile of the new Italian entrepreneurs, or aspirant ones, even in comparison with other countries. Therefore, we consider a public policy implemented in the Piedmont Region ("Mettersi in Proprio" - MIP). Results from a counterfactual approach suggest the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of increasing the survival rate of beneficiary firms.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Business Survival; Evaluation; Public Policies.