As a central element of certain systems of justice, revenge-feuding actions are usually consid-ered as unregulated responses to offenses and misbehaviours modern law has solved and dis-placed. On the contrary, the theoretical paradigm of "vindicatory justice" highlights how these actions are not spontaneous reactions. Rather, they are submitted to forms of collective surveil-lance and authorization, and they may constitute a different form of conceiving and materializ-ing justice. In fact, historical and ethnographic case studies have proved how vindicatory jus-tice has not disappeared, being rather outdone in its relationship with the law of the State. Working on the two case studies of Shuar (West Ecuador) and Yolngu (Australia), this essay aims to elucidate the idiosyncrasy inherent to vindicatory cultures and highlight their complex relationship with State law.
Keywords: Vindicatory justice - Revenge - Criminal law - Interlegality - Shuar - Yolngu