Click here to download

Narrative pathways to prevent radicalization. Tree of Life practice in a Romanian prison
Journal Title: PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’ 
Author/s: Ovidiu Gavrilovici, Aliona Dronic 
Year:  2019 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  16 Pg. 40-55 FullText PDF:  214 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PSC2019-002004
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


There is an increased interest for radicalization and its prevention. The identity crisis para-digm suggests the potential usefulness of collaborative strategies for the construction of desir-able identities. This paper describes a pilot model of two narrative practices - The Tree of Life and the Definitional Ceremony, supporting alternative desirable identities as pathway to pre-vent radicalization in Iasi Prison, in Romania. Eight young adults detention and 6 universitary students were involved in the narrative processes. The authors claim that the narrative support-ive practices have an effect of restoring dignity, re-humanizing contexts and relationships, and supporting preferred narratives worth living.
Keywords: Narrative model, radicalization, prevention, identity.

  1. Wainryb, C., Komolova, M., & Florsheim, P. (2010). How Violent Youth Offenders and Typically Developing Adolescents Construct Moral Agency in Narratives About Doing Harm. In K. C. McLean and M. Pasupathi (Eds.). Narrative development in adolescence. Creating the storied self. (pp. 185-206). NY: Springer.
  2. White, M. (2007). Maps of narrative practice. New York: W.W. Norton.
  3. Breen, A.V., & McLean, K. C. (2010). Constructing Resilience: Adolescent Motherhood and the Process of Self-Transformation. In K. C. McLean and M. Pasupathi (Eds.). Narrative development in adolescence. Creating the storied self. (pp. 151-168). NY: Springer.
  4. Bruner, J. S. (1990). Acts of Meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  5. Dalgaard-Nielsen, A. (2010). Violent Radicalization in Europe: What We Know and What We Do Not Know. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33(9), 797-814., DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2010.50142
  6. White, M., & Epston, D. (1990). Narrative means to therapeutic ends. New York: W.W. Norton.
  7. Dandurand, Y. (2015). Social inclusion programmes for youth and the prevention of violent extremism. In M. Lombardi et al. (Eds.), Countering radicalisation and violent extremism among youth to prevent terrorism. (pp. 22-36). Amsterdam: IOS Press.
  8. Denborough, D. (2008). Collective narrative practice: responding to individuals, groups and communities who have experienced trauma. Adelaide: Dulwich Centre Publications.
  9. Denborough, D. (2012). A storyline of collective narrative practice: A history of ideas, social projects and partnerships. International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work 1, 40–65.
  10. Etchison, M., & Kliest, D. (2000). Review of narrative therapy: Research and utility. The Family Journal, 8(1), 61–66., DOI: 10.1177/106648070008100
  11. Feddes, A. R, & Gallucci, M. (2015). A literature review on methodology used in evaluating effects of preventive and de-radicalisation interventions. Journal for Deradicalization, 5, 1-27.
  12. German, M. (2013). Developing our cultural strengths: Using the “Tree of Life” strength-based, narrative therapy intervention in schools, to enhance self-esteem, cultural understanding and to challenge racism. Educational and Child Psychology, 30(4), 75-99.
  13. Hafez, M, & Mullins, C. (2015). The radicalization puzzle: A theoretical synthesis of empirical approaches to homegrown extremism. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(11), 958-975., DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2015.105137
  14. Hamm, M. S. (2009). Prison Islam in the Age of Sacred Terror. The British Journal of Criminology. 49(5), 667-685.
  15. Hemmingsen, A. S, & Castro, K. I. (2017). The Trouble with Counter-Narratives. Copenhagen, DK: Danish Institute for International Studies.
  16. Hughes, G. (2014). Finding a voice through ‘The Tree of Life’: A strength-based approach to mental health for refugee children and families in schools. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 19(1), 139-153., DOI: 10.1177/135910451347671
  17. Jenkins, A. (2009). Becoming ethical. A parallel, political journey with men who have abused. Lyme Regis, Dorset UK: Russel House Publishing.
  18. King, M., & Taylor, D. T. (2011). The Radicalization of Homegrown Jihadists: A review of theoretical models and social psychological evidence. Terrorism and Political Violence, 23(4), 602-622., DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2011.58706
  19. Lock, S. (2016). The tree of life: A review of the collective the narrative approach. Educational Psychology Research and Practice, 2(1), 2-20.
  20. Maruna, S. (2001). Making Good: How Ex-convicts Reform and Rebuild their Lives. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  21. Moghaddam, F. M. (2006). Interobjectivity: The collective roots of individual consciousness and social identity. In T. Postmes and J. Jetten (Eds.), Individuality and the group. Advances in social identity. (pp. 155-174). London: SAGE.
  22. Moore, K., Talwar, V., & Moxley-Haegert, L. (2015). Definitional ceremonies: Narrative practices for psychologists to inform interdisciplinary teams’ understanding of children’s spirituality in pediatric settings. Journal of Health Psychology, 20(3), 259-272., DOI: 10.1177/135910531456661
  23. Morgan, A. (2000). What is narrative therapy? An easy-to-read introduction. Adelaide, South Australia: Dulwich Centre Publications.
  24. Myerhoff, B. (1982). Life not death in Venice: Its second life. In V. Turner and E. Bruner (Eds.), The anthropology of experience (pp. 261-286). Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
  25. Ncube, N. (2006). The Tree of Life Project: Using narrative ideas in work with vulnerable children in Southern Africa. The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, 1, 3-16.
  26. Pia, E. (2013). Narrative therapy and peacebuilding. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 7(4), 476-491., DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2012.72753
  27. Riessman, C. K. (1993). Narrative Analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  28. Schweitzer, R. D., Vromans, L., Ranke, G., & Griffin, J. (2014). Narratives of healing: A case study of a young Liberian refugee settled in Australia. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 41(1), 98-106.
  29. Sedgwick, M. (2010). The Concept of Radicalization as a Source of Confusion. Terrorism and Political Violence, 22(4), 479-494., DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2010.49100
  30. Silke, A., & Veldhuis, T. (2017). Countering violent extremism in prisons: A review of key recent research and critical research gaps. Perspectives on terrorism, 11(5), 2-11.

Ovidiu Gavrilovici, Aliona Dronic, in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 2/2019, pp. 40-55, DOI:10.3280/PSC2019-002004

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content