This contribution will highlight some of the most significant control practices of urban spaces exerted by the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in Malta in the eighteenth century. During the Knights’ rule, the Maltese archipelago played a crucial role in geopolitics: it became the frontier of Christianity in the Mediterranean Sea. Especially after the construction of La Valletta, which started after the Turkish "Great Siege" of 1565, a period of significant demographic, social and architectural changes began for Malta. In this context, the delicate climate of trust between the Order and local elites were largely conditioned by collective fear asking for more security measures. Naturally, a greater perception of danger on the Island induced its inhabitants to legitimize the leadership of the Order as a dominant player capable of giving Malta adequate protection. Therefore, successfully influencing the factors that determined the demand for security within urban areas became a not negligible priority for the central power. As a result, the defensive morphologies and administrative actions on the Island have also the indirect task of keeping the "fear of the enemy" alive, generating a greater legitimacy of the Order.
Keywords: Fear, safety, Malta, Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, fortifications.