The article analyses the relationship between the radical political movement and the rural masses in the public sphere, during the 1848 Revolution, in the Calabrian provinces of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The forms, places, themes and discourses of political communication, both in the constitutional period and the revolution of June-July 1848 against the Bourbon monarchy, characterized a revolutionary public sphere, dominated by radicals, who expressed a subversive and anti-monarchical message. In the 1830’s and 1840’s the confrontation of the radical political groups with the popular movement claiming the commons led to the development of a revolutionary alliance between radicals and rural populations. Other local factors, such as the multiple conflicts between factions and social forces and between communities and state centralism led to the emergence of "rural politics". The radicalization of rural areas was expressed through a dynamic and widespread politicization, in the civic festivals, in the popular clubs and in the "communist" movement of 1848. The adherence of the populations to the political project of the radicals became evident in June 1848, with the explosion in the public sphere of republican practices and symbols, which gave legitimacy to the new forms of democratic power alternative to the monarchy. .
Keywords: 1848, Calabria, popular movements, public sphere, radicals, revolution