Assuming as acquired the classic relationship between capitalism and spirit, the present essaydwells on a further transformation of this combination through the idea of "spiritual capitalism".Partially different from the capitalism "originated" by religion, and from the capitalism as religion, the spiritual capitalism undertakes new conceptual forms preserving the mostpenetrating imperialisms of the soul. The contextual framework of this essay is, therefore,centered on the socio-economic structure of capitalism in the for profit organizations. Theresearch hypothesis concerns the ways and the means by which this new form capitalism affectsthe lives of workers by producing new modes of alienation and psycho-behavioral pathologies.The methodology adopted in this research is theoretical and grounded on the mostpreeminent contributions from classical and contemporary sociology. The analysis suggeststhat the hypothesis on the rise of a new form of alienation, that is the "disconfirmation ofsocial value", is confirmed and constitutes a key to explain the social causes of the most frequentemergent pathologies in modern society, such as burnout, anxiety, panic attacks andaddiction.
Keywords: Capitalismo spirituale; religione organizzativa; salute; malessere socio-psicologico;alienazione; disconferma del valore sociale.