In 2020, in Italy, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the existence of two reali-ties became quite evident: one in which distance learning has been de¬veloped to its fullest potential; another, in which students were left to their own desti-ny and where it was not even possible to guarantee them the pos¬sibility of following video lessons synchronously. The main aim of this paper is to create a profile of the current technological situation of Italian didactics with the help of international surveys and reports, scientific studies and na¬tional reports data. After assessing the effects of educational technology on learning, it is presented an attempt to investigate the causes of technological and cultural change, looking for possible answers in the writings of Aldo Visalberghi. In conclusion, a comparison between distance learning and tra¬ditional education is proposed to better understand what happened to Italian education during the pandemic.
Keywords: Educational technology, influence of technology, distance education, digital divide