Attaccamento e disimpegno morale nel fenomeno del bullismo: uno studio su bambini di scuola elementare

Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA
Autori/Curatori: Lorenza Di Pentima, Sara Ramelli
Anno di pubblicazione: 2020 Fascicolo: 3 Lingua: English
Numero pagine: 33 P. 871-903 Dimensione file: 314 KB
DOI: 10.3280/RIP2020-003005
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Obiettivo del presente studio è stato analizzare l’influenza delle precoci rela-zioni di attaccamento sullo sviluppo dei processi cognitivi di disimpegno morale e come quest’ultimo possa rappresentare una variabile di mediazione con condot-te aggressive, con particolare riferimento al fenomeno del bullismo nel confronto tra bulli, vittime e non-coinvolti. I partecipanti allo studio sono stati 199 alunni, 106 maschi e 93 femmine di età compresa tra 8 e 11 anni (M = 9.39, DS = 0.91), frequentanti le classi terza, quarta e quinta elementare, all’interno delle quali è stata rilevata la presenza di bulli, vittime e non-coinvolti. La rilevazione dei ruoli è stata effettuata mediante la Nomina dei Pari (Menesini, 2003); per misurare il disimpegno morale è stata impiegata la Scala di Disimpegno Morale per il Bullismo (Gini & Caravita, 2013); mentre per i modelli operativi interni dell’attaccamento è stato somministrato il Separation Anxiety Test, SAT (Attili, 2001). La valutazione dei comportamenti socio-emozionali, con specifico riferimento alle condotte aggressive, è stata svol-ta dalle insegnanti mediante il Social Emotional Dimention Scale, SEDS (Ianes & Savelli, 1994). I risultati complessivi mettono in luce come il disimpegno morale rappresenti un mediatore tra l’attaccamento insicuro e il comportamento aggressivo. Nel confronto tra bulli, vittime e non-coinvolti, i primi non solo sono più frequente-mente insicuri, ma riportano anche punteggi più elevati nel disimpegno morale e vengono valutati come più aggressivi dalle insegnanti.

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Lorenza Di Pentima, Sara Ramelli, Attaccamento e disimpegno morale nel fenomeno del bullismo: uno studio su bambini di scuola elementare in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 3/2020, pp 871-903, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2020-003005